Long before European immigrants arrived, the site of Mobridge was inhabited by Mound Dwellers, after which came the Woodland Indians, followed by the Mandan and Arikaras. These Indians were farming people who lived in permanent villages in earth-covered lodges. The Arikara, or Rees, were partial to the bend in the river around Mobridge. Smithsonian and other archeological crews have named over 30 major village sites within a 10 mile radius of the City. There are many smaller sites that have never been named.
The Sioux came here later from the East, roaming from place to place and living almost entirely on wild game. Their homes were tipis made of buffalo skins that could be easily moved. In the late 1800s, European settlers began to move into the area.
A reconstructed Arikara Lodge is available for view at the Klein Museum. The Arikara Lodge was moved from it's former location along Highway 12 to the museum grounds.